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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 142-151

Development of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale: Validity and Reliability Study

1 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Uskudar University, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Juvenile Division of the Istanbul Police, Uskudar University, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Psychology, Uskudar University, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Onur Cemal Noyan
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Uskudar University, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnbs.jnbs_27_20

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Objective: It is suggested that the psychological and emotional reactions that occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic may lead to serious psychiatric disorders in the long run. This study aims to establish the validity and reliability of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale developed for measuring emotions and behaviors related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The sociodemographic form, COVID-19 Phobia Scale developed by the researchers, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Health Anxiety Scale were applied in the study conducted through a web-based survey method. Results: An item-total analysis was performed as the first step of the study that was conducted with 1243 participants. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed the final version of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale to comprise four subscales made up of 22 items, where the subscales were termed as worry, mood, reassurance seeking/precaution, and avoidance. The internal consistency of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale measured by the Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.84. A statistically significant positive correlation was found between the COVID-19 Phobia Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Health Anxiety Scale. Conclusion: The COVID-19 Phobia Scale is a valid and reliable scale that can be used to measure emotions and related behavioral changes.

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